Today in the Americas, the Suspension of Uruguayan Democracy

Desaparecidos, the disappeared, from Uruguay during the dictatorship

Desaparecidos, the disappeared, from Uruguay during the dictatorship lasting over a decade

It was today in 1973 (36 years ago) that Uruguay chose to forgo democracy for military dictatorship. It was today in 1973 that the country suspended its constitution following the dissolution of the General Assembly by Juan María Bordaberry, elected president of Uruguay in 1972, who led a golpe de estado of sorts, abolishing democracy for decrees.

Uruguay became a supporter of Operación Cóndor, a movement led by Chile, Argentina and Peru to coordinate the repression, torture and murder of civilians, usually leftists who opposed military rule. Uruguay went on to have the most political prisoners, including Eduardo Galeano, whose Open Veins of Latin America would be banned by the military, than any country in the world.

It is also remember for being the stupidest military dictatorship on earth, as it put its rule up to the vote in 1981. Sixty percent of the country disapproved of the military but it would not be until 1984, before the rest of South America, that Uruguay would relent. Julio María Sanguinetti won the 1984 elections and democracy returned to Uruguay, as well as Galeano.

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~ by Daniel on June 27, 2009.

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